he makes it clear that whichever, there is no doubt that the creatures

are _controlling_. They are not being carried off by the will of the


_21. When those went, these went; and when those stood, these stood;

and when those were lifted up from the earth, the wheels were lifted

up over against them: for the spirit of the living creatures was in

the wheels._

This carries the idea of control one step farther. Not only are the

men controlling the wheels, but they are self-controlled: They are

flying in formation.

_22. And the likeness of the firmament upon the heads of the living

creatures was as the colour of terrible crystal, stretched forth over

their heads above._

Perhaps this verse was moved out of it's original position, for it

returns to the description of the creatures. You may have noticed that

many of the verses are written so that it is in part, an enlargement

of the thought put forward in the preceding verse, and part new

thought, to be enlarged upon in the following verse. Verses twenty-two

and twenty-three _seem_ to go together. Both would fit the rest of the

chapter better if they were between verses twelve and thirteen.

What is meant by "firmament"? These people had no term for a

hollow-sphere. Most spherical objects were not hollow. They had no

soap, so they had no soap bubbles. The most common thing to compare a

hollow sphere to was the sky, the bowl of the heavens--the firmament.

This crystal-clear bubble was over the heads of the creatures, one on

each creature.

We will come to the word firmament again, but notice that this is,

"... the _likeness_ of the firmament ...", not the firmament itself.

Later verses speak only of the "firmament".

_23. And under the firmaments were their wings straight, the one

toward the other: every one had two, which covered on this side, and

every one had two which covered on that side, their bodies._

If you changed "... under the firmament ..." to, "... below the sky"

you would get a clearer picture. If you look at the picture of a

house, the roof is, "below the sky," if you start at the top and work

down. If you start at the ground and work up, the roof is, "at the

top" of the house. Ezekiel's description of the wings, which is

continued in this verse, concerns the wings "at the top." They are

(connected), "... one toward the other, about like in figure one."

_24. And when they went, I heard the noise of their wings, like the

noise of great waters, like the voice of the Almighty, the voice of

speech, as the noise of the host: when they stood they let down their


If you have ever stood near a running tip-jet, or any jet engine, I

think you will know what Ezekiel means. The last statement is most

interesting. It seems that when the creatures landed again they

detached the helicopter mechanisms and set them down, as anyone will

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